Tag Archives: promissory note

INSTALLMENT SALES OF ASSETS TO “DEFECTIVE” GRANTOR TRUSTS

Installment sales of assets to grantor trusts indirectly exploit income tax provisions enacted to prevent income shifting at a time when trust income tax rates were much lower than individual tax rates. Specifically, the technique capitalizes on different definitions of “transfer” for transfer tax and grantor trust income tax purposes. The resulting trusts are termed “defective” because the different definitions of “transfer” result in a serendipitous divergence in income and transfer tax treatment when assets are sold by the grantor to his own grantor trust. Continue reading

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INSTALLMENT SALES OF ASSETS TO GRANTOR TRUSTS

Installment sales of assets to irrevocable grantor trusts is one of the most powerful estate planning techniques available today. Sales to “intentionally defective” irrevocable grantor trusts capitalize on different definitions of “transfer” for income and transfer tax purposes. Following such a sale, the grantor reports income tax on trust income. However, the grantor no longer owns the assets for gift and estate tax purposes. Therefore, the trust assets (and appreciation) will be removed from the grantor’s gross estate. Assets sold to the trust may consist of stock in a closely held business, real estate, marketable securities, or limited partnership interests. The trust may even hold S Corporation stock without jeopardizing the election. Continue reading

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